International Vocational Education and Training Association

North America

   Sandra Poirier, North America VP
Dr. Poirier has been employed at Middle Tennessee State University since 2005.   She received her B.S. and M.S. degrees in Family and Consumer Sciences from Florida State University and University of Arizona respectively.  Her Ph.D. was received in 1998 from Florida International University in Miami, Florida,  in Adult Education/Human Resources Development.  Prior to coming to MTSU, Dr. Poirier taught three years at Zayed University in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Additionally, she has worked at the University of Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Florida International University, Florida Atlantic University, University of Arizona Cooperative Extension Service, and the Provincial Government of Alberta, Canada.  Dr. Poirier has been a member of IVETA since 2008 and attended many national and World Congress conferences in Malaysia, Nashville, Las Vegas, and New Orleans.   Dr. Poirier has more than 15 years of international teaching experience working in culturally diverse environments.  Her strengths include creating innovative educational programs with a focus on culture, identifying appropriate outreach efforts to solve community problems, and empowering students for successful careers.  She has been recognized for her ability to create and teach online courses, work as an advisor for a student organization, and creating positive educational strategies for optimal learning.

Spring 2018 Report

Key Developments

1.  There is a shortage of secondary and post-secondary teachers in all areas of Career and Technical Education throughout North America.  Some estimates are indicating a 34% decrease in Career and Technical Education.  There are a number of solutions that are currently being developed.  Professional associations have developed recruitment campaigns and are offering professional development workshops for those involved in teacher education.  Additionally, secondary school pathways are including “Education as a Profession” for students interested in becoming a teacher.  Career and Technical Directors also are establishing committees to network with local post-secondary programs to help build the teacher education programs.

Significant Issues

1.  About 44 million in the US are carrying student loan debt as of the fourth quarter of 2016, up from 22.5 million in 2004, according to data from the New York Federal Consumer Credit Panel.  For recipients of a bachelor degree, the average student loan debt totals $39,423 for the academic year 2016-2017.  As worries of student debt rise, states and business increasingly push faster, cheaper paths to the workplaces which may include attending technical schools or a two-year college program.  Some states are offering free tuition to attend a two-year community college for students graduating from secondary schools with a 2.5GPA. Many of these degrees will pay as much or more than a job with a bachelor degree.

2.  In 2009 (the last year data is available) 19% of high-school students were concentrating in career and technical programs, down from 24% in 1990.  As more student enroll in college, 40%-50% never get a certificate or college degree.  Among those that do graduate, about one-third end up in jobs that do not require a four-year degree.

Winter 2017/2018 Report

The National Research Center for College & University Admissions (NRCCUA) has been gathering information on student and educator attitudes and interests. In 2014 over 2.5 million Career and Technical Education high school students in the US, in over 95% of the public and private high schools in the country, participated in the study titled My College Options.  These are a few of the important details about the Career and Technical data collected on their latest survey:

1.   The majority of CTE educators report that business and industry leaders serve on advisory committees and interact with students.

2.  95% of CTE educators report integration between CTE and academics in their classroom and/or school.

3. Researchers estimate that over 16 million jobs created by 2020 will require some post-secondary education or a two-year associate degree. Many of these jobs will be in CTE fields such as the skilled trades, health care, manufacturing, IT, business and marketing, among others, including many occupations that employers find hard to fill.

4.  Apprenticeships are catching on fast and are expected to grow more as young people decide against pricey colleges in favor of on-the-job training program that end in vocational certification and gainful employment.  The US Federal Government has allocated $200 million in apprenticeship grants and pilot project funding for 2018.

What are the two most significant issues facing TVET in your region?

1.  Skill shortages in many of the trade jobs and especially teaching as a profession.

2.  Not all CTE content areas have industry standard certifications that can be offered in the secondary programs.  We need to make sure that each content area has 1-2 industry standard certifications available to students.



   Countries in the Region:

United States

Canada

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